# Create VMs in OpenStack

Before you start with the main content of the workshop, you need to provision the VMs in OpenStack.

Create VMs in OpenStack using Ubuntu Docker image.

# Prepare the local working environment inside Docker

Run Ubuntu docker image and mount the directory there:

mkdir /var/tmp/test && cd /var/tmp/test
if [ -n "$SSH_AUTH_SOCK" ]; then
  docker run -it --rm -e USER="$USER" -e SSH_AUTH_SOCK=$SSH_AUTH_SOCK -v $SSH_AUTH_SOCK:$SSH_AUTH_SOCK -v $PWD:/mnt -v $HOME/.ssh:/root/.ssh:ro ubuntu
  docker run -it --rm -e USER="$USER" -v $PWD:/mnt -v $HOME/.ssh:/root/.ssh:ro ubuntu


All commands in the labs should be executed inside the Docker container. Only few kubectl needs to be executed directly on the PC and it's always explicitly mentioned in the docs.

Install necessary software into the Docker container:

apt update -qq
apt-get install -y -qq apt-transport-https byobu curl git gnupg jq openssh-client psmisc siege sudo unzip vim > /dev/null

Install kubernetes-client package:

curl -s https://packages.cloud.google.com/apt/doc/apt-key.gpg | apt-key add -
echo "deb https://apt.kubernetes.io/ kubernetes-xenial main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/kubernetes.list
apt-get update -qq
apt-get install -y -qq kubectl

Install Terraform:

TERRAFORM_LATEST_VERSION=$(curl -s https://checkpoint-api.hashicorp.com/v1/check/terraform | jq -r -M ".current_version")
curl --silent --location https://releases.hashicorp.com/terraform/${TERRAFORM_LATEST_VERSION}/terraform_${TERRAFORM_LATEST_VERSION}_linux_amd64.zip --output /tmp/terraform_linux_amd64.zip
unzip -o /tmp/terraform_linux_amd64.zip -d /usr/local/bin/

Change directory to /mnt where the git repository is mounted:

cd /mnt

# Provision VMs in OpenStack

Start 3 VMs (one master and 2 workers) where the k8s will be installed.

Terraform diagram:

Terraform (hackernoon.com/terraform-openstack-ansible-d680ea466e22)

Generate ssh keys if not exists:

test -f $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa || ( install -m 0700 -d $HOME/.ssh && ssh-keygen -b 2048 -t rsa -f $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa -q -N "" )
# ssh-agent must be running...
test -n "$SSH_AUTH_SOCK" || eval `ssh-agent`
if [ "`ssh-add -l`" = "The agent has no identities." ]; then ssh-add; fi

Clone this git repository:

git clone https://github.com/ruzickap/k8s-istio-workshop
cd k8s-istio-workshop


Modify the OpenStack access credentials in the following Terraform variable file!


cat > terrafrom/openstack/terraform.tfvars << EOF
openstack_auth_url                          = "https://ic-us.ssl.mirantis.net:5000/v3"
openstack_instance_flavor_name              = "dev.log"
openstack_instance_image_name               = "bionic-server-cloudimg-amd64-20190119"
openstack_networking_subnet_dns_nameservers = [""]
openstack_password                          = "$OPENSTACK_PASSWORD"
# drivetrain-team
openstack_tenant_name                       = "mirantis-services-team"
openstack_user_name                         = "$USER"
openstack_user_domain_name                  = "ldap_mirantis"
prefix                                      = "$USER-k8s-istio-workshop"

Download Terraform components:

terraform init -var-file=terrafrom/openstack/terraform.tfvars terrafrom/openstack

Create VMs in OpenStack:

terraform apply -auto-approve -var-file=terrafrom/openstack/terraform.tfvars terrafrom/openstack


vms_name = [
vms_public_ip = [,,

At the end of the output you should see 3 IP addresses which should be accessible by ssh using your public key ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.