Istio - Injecting an HTTP delay fault

https://istio.io/docs/tasks/traffic-management/fault-injection/#injecting-an-http-delay-fault

Inject a 7 seconds delay between the reviews:v2 and ratings microservices for user jason:

kubectl apply -f samples/bookinfo/networking/virtual-service-ratings-test-delay.yaml
kubectl get virtualservice ratings -o yaml

Output:

apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1alpha3
kind: VirtualService
metadata:
  name: ratings
  ...
spec:
  hosts:
  - ratings
  http:
  - fault:
      delay:
        fixedDelay: 7s
        percent: 100
    match:
    - headers:
        end-user:
          exact: jason
    route:
    - destination:
        host: ratings
        subset: v1
  - route:
    - destination:
        host: ratings
        subset: v1

On the /productpage, log in as user jason and you should see:

Error fetching product reviews!
Sorry, product reviews are currently unavailable for this book.

Bookinfo Injecting an HTTP delay fault

Open the Developer Tools menu (F12) -> Network tab - web page actually loads in about 6 seconds.

Bookinfo Injecting an HTTP delay fault - Developer Tools

The following example introduces a 5 second delay in 10% of the requests to the ratings:v1 microservice:

apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1alpha3
kind: VirtualService
metadata:
  name: ratings
spec:
  hosts:
  - ratings
  http:
  - fault:
      delay:
        percent: 10
        fixedDelay: 5s
    route:
    - destination:
        host: ratings
        subset: v1

Injecting an HTTP abort fault

https://istio.io/docs/tasks/traffic-management/fault-injection/#injecting-an-http-abort-fault

Let's introduce an HTTP abort to the ratings microservices for the test user jason.

Create a fault injection rule to send an HTTP abort for user jason:

kubectl apply -f samples/bookinfo/networking/virtual-service-ratings-test-abort.yaml
kubectl get virtualservice ratings -o yaml

Output:

apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1alpha3
kind: VirtualService
metadata:
  name: ratings
  ...
spec:
  hosts:
  - ratings
  http:
  - fault:
      abort:
        httpStatus: 500
        percent: 100
    match:
    - headers:
        end-user:
          exact: jason
    route:
    - destination:
        host: ratings
        subset: v1
  - route:
    - destination:
        host: ratings
        subset: v1

On the /productpage, log in as user jason - the page loads immediately and the product ratings not available message appears: Ratings service is currently unavailable

Bookinfo Injecting an HTTP abort fault

Check the flows in Kiali graph, where you should see the red communication between reviews:v2 and ratings.

Injecting an HTTP abort fault Kiali Graph

The following example returns an HTTP 400 error code for 10% of the requests to the ratings:v1 service:

apiVersion: networking.istio.io/v1alpha3
kind: VirtualService
metadata:
  name: ratings
spec:
  hosts:
  - ratings
  http:
  - fault:
      abort:
        percent: 10
        httpStatus: 400
    route:
    - destination:
        host: ratings
        subset: v1

Istio