# Project settings

There are few project settings which are handy...

# Automatically scan images on push

Enable automated vulnerability scan after each "image push" to the project: library:

PROJECT_ID=$(curl -s -u "aduser05:admin" -X GET "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/projects?name=library" | jq ".[].project_id")
curl -s -u "aduser05:admin" -X PUT "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/projects/${PROJECT_ID}" -H  "Content-Type: application/json" -d \
"{
  \"metadata\": {
    \"auto_scan\": \"true\"
  }
}"

You should see the following in the Web interface:

Vulnerability scanning - Automatically scan images on push

Tag the image:

docker tag nginx:1.13.12 harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/library/nginx:1.13.12

Push the container image to Harbor project library:

docker push harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/library/nginx:1.13.12

Output:

The push refers to repository [harbor.mylabs.dev/library/nginx]
7ab428981537: Mounted from my_project/nginx
82b81d779f83: Mounted from my_project/nginx
d626a8ad97a1: Mounted from my_project/nginx
1.13.12: digest: sha256:e4f0474a75c510f40b37b6b7dc2516241ffa8bde5a442bde3d372c9519c84d90 size: 948

All images in that repositories should be automatically checked for vulnerabilities.

# Scan existing application

I'm going to replicate the "bookinfo" application used for testing Istio: https://istio.io/docs/examples/bookinfo/ When the replication completes all images should be automatically scanned because I'm going to replicate everything into library project which has "Automatically scan images on push" feature enabled.

Create new Replication Rule and initiate replication:

COUNTER=0
for DOCKER_HUB_REPOSITORY in istio/examples-bookinfo-details-v1 istio/examples-bookinfo-ratings-v1 istio/examples-bookinfo-productpage-v1 istio/examples-bookinfo-reviews-v{1..3}; do
  COUNTER=$((COUNTER+1))
  echo "Replicating (${COUNTER}): ${DOCKER_HUB_REPOSITORY}"
  curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -u "admin:admin" "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/replication/policies" -d \
    "{
      \"name\": \"Replication of ${DOCKER_HUB_REPOSITORY}\",
      \"type\": \"docker-hub\",
      \"url\": \"https://hub.docker.com\",
      \"description\": \"Replication Rule for ${DOCKER_HUB_REPOSITORY}\",
      \"enabled\": true,
      \"src_registry\": {
        \"id\": 1
      },
      \"dest_namespace\": \"library\",
      \"filters\": [{
        \"type\": \"name\",
        \"value\": \"${DOCKER_HUB_REPOSITORY}\"
      },
      {
        \"type\": \"tag\",
        \"value\": \"1.1*\"
      }],
      \"trigger\": {
        \"type\": \"manual\"
      }
    }"
  curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" -u "admin:admin" "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/replication/executions" -d "{ \"policy_id\": $((COUNTER+1)) }"
done

Output:

Replicating (1): istio/examples-bookinfo-details-v1
Replicating (2): istio/examples-bookinfo-ratings-v1
Replicating (3): istio/examples-bookinfo-productpage-v1
Replicating (4): istio/examples-bookinfo-reviews-v1
Replicating (5): istio/examples-bookinfo-reviews-v2
Replicating (6): istio/examples-bookinfo-reviews-v3

DockerHub Replication

After a while all images used by "bookinfo" application should be replicated into library project and all should be automatically scanned.

Harbor Project Repository list

Harbor Project library image list

# Prevent vulnerable images from running

Now there are two container images in the library repository:

  • nginx:1.13.12 - which has many vulnerabilities
  • kuard:blue - which has no vulnerabilities

Turn on the "Prevent vulnerable images from running" feature:

PROJECT_ID=$(curl -s -u "aduser05:admin" -X GET "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/projects?name=library" | jq ".[].project_id")
curl -s -u "aduser05:admin" -X PUT "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/projects/${PROJECT_ID}" -H  "Content-Type: application/json" -d \
"{
  \"metadata\": {
    \"prevent_vul\": \"true\",
    \"severity\": \"low\"
  }
}"

Harbor - Prevent vulnerable images from running

# Use image hosted by Harbor in k8s deployment

Create kuard deployment and expose it:

kubectl run kuard --image=harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/library/kuard-amd64:blue --port=8080 --expose=true --labels="app=kuard" -n mytest

Output:

kubectl run --generator=deployment/apps.v1 is DEPRECATED and will be removed in a future version. Use kubectl run --generator=run-pod/v1 or kubectl create instead.
service/kuard created
deployment.apps/kuard created

Create Ingress for kuard service:

export APP=kuard
envsubst < ../files/app_ingress.yaml | kubectl create -f -

Output:

ingress.extensions/kuard created

You should be able to access kuard at https://kuard.mylabs.dev and see this:

Kuard screenshot

Try the same with nginx:1.13.12 image:

kubectl run nginx --image=harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/library/nginx:1.13.12 --port=80 --expose=true --labels="app=nginx" -n mytest

Output:

kubectl run --generator=deployment/apps.v1 is DEPRECATED and will be removed in a future version. Use kubectl run --generator=run-pod/v1 or kubectl create instead.
service/nginx created
deployment.apps/nginx created

If you check the pods you will see they are not running:

sleep 10
kubectl -n mytest get pods --selector=app=nginx

Output:

NAME                    READY   STATUS             RESTARTS   AGE
nginx-d879bd8db-nmzc8   0/1     ImagePullBackOff   0          25s

The details of one of the pods looks like:

POD_NAME=$(kubectl -n mytest get pods --selector=app=nginx -o jsonpath='{.items[0].metadata.name}')
kubectl -n mytest describe pod $POD_NAME

Output:

















































 


Name:               nginx-d879bd8db-nmzc8
Namespace:          mytest
Priority:           0
PriorityClassName:  <none>
Node:               ip-192-168-56-161.eu-central-1.compute.internal/192.168.56.161
Start Time:         Fri, 19 Jul 2019 12:52:21 +0200
Labels:             app=nginx
                    pod-template-hash=d879bd8db
Annotations:        kubernetes.io/psp: eks.privileged
Status:             Pending
IP:                 192.168.61.206
Controlled By:      ReplicaSet/nginx-d879bd8db
Containers:
  nginx:
    Container ID:
    Image:          harbor.mylabs.dev/library/nginx:1.13.12
    Image ID:
    Port:           80/TCP
    Host Port:      0/TCP
    State:          Waiting
      Reason:       ImagePullBackOff
    Ready:          False
    Restart Count:  0
    Environment:    <none>
    Mounts:
      /var/run/secrets/kubernetes.io/serviceaccount from default-token-5lzmk (ro)
Conditions:
  Type              Status
  Initialized       True
  Ready             False
  ContainersReady   False
  PodScheduled      True
Volumes:
  default-token-5lzmk:
    Type:        Secret (a volume populated by a Secret)
    SecretName:  default-token-5lzmk
    Optional:    false
QoS Class:       BestEffort
Node-Selectors:  <none>
Tolerations:     node.kubernetes.io/not-ready:NoExecute for 300s
                 node.kubernetes.io/unreachable:NoExecute for 300s
Events:
  Type     Reason     Age                From                                                      Message
  ----     ------     ----               ----                                                      -------
  Normal   Scheduled  47s                default-scheduler                                         Successfully assigned mytest/nginx-d879bd8db-nmzc8 to ip-192-168-56-161.eu-central-1.compute.internal
  Normal   BackOff    16s (x3 over 45s)  kubelet, ip-192-168-56-161.eu-central-1.compute.internal  Back-off pulling image "harbor.mylabs.dev/library/nginx:1.13.12"
  Warning  Failed     16s (x3 over 45s)  kubelet, ip-192-168-56-161.eu-central-1.compute.internal  Error: ImagePullBackOff
  Normal   Pulling    2s (x3 over 46s)   kubelet, ip-192-168-56-161.eu-central-1.compute.internal  pulling image "harbor.mylabs.dev/library/nginx:1.13.12"
  Warning  Failed     2s (x3 over 46s)   kubelet, ip-192-168-56-161.eu-central-1.compute.internal  Failed to pull image "harbor.mylabs.dev/library/nginx:1.13.12": rpc error: code = Unknown desc = Error response from daemon: unknown: The severity of vulnerability of the image: "high" is equal or higher than the threshold in project setting: "high".
  Warning  Failed     2s (x3 over 46s)   kubelet, ip-192-168-56-161.eu-central-1.compute.internal  Error: ErrImagePull

You are not able to run docker images with "High" security issues. You can see the error message: The severity of vulnerability of the image: "high" is equal or higher than the threshold in project setting: "high".

# Project RBAC settings

YouTube video: https://youtu.be/2ZIu9XTvsC0

Create new project called my_rbac_test_project

curl -u "admin:admin" -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/projects" -d \
"{
  \"project_name\": \"my_rbac_test_project\",
  \"public\": 0
}"

Try to push the kuard image as a "Guest" user:

echo admin | docker login --username aduser03 --password-stdin harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}
docker tag gcr.io/kuar-demo/kuard-amd64:blue harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/my_rbac_test_project/kuard-amd64:blue
docker push harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/my_rbac_test_project/kuard-amd64:blue

Output:









 

WARNING! Your password will be stored unencrypted in /home/pruzicka/.docker/config.json.
Configure a credential helper to remove this warning. See
https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/commandline/login/#credentials-store

Login Succeeded
The push refers to repository [harbor.mylabs.dev/my_rbac_test_project/kuard-amd64]
656e9c47289e: Preparing
bcf2f368fe23: Preparing
denied: requested access to the resource is denied
  • Guests are not allow to push anything into the projects as you can see from the error message: denied: requested access to the resource is denied.

Add user aduser03 on the project my_rbac_test_project as a Developer:

PROJECT_ID=$(curl -s -u "admin:admin" -X GET "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/projects?name=my_rbac_test_project" | jq ".[].project_id")
curl -u "admin:admin" -X POST "https://harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/api/projects/${PROJECT_ID}/members" -H "Content-Type: application/json" -d \
"{
  \"role_id\": 2,
  \"member_user\": {
    \"username\": \"aduser03\"
  }
}"

Harbor - Project add new member

Harbor - Project members

Push the container image again:

docker push harbor.${MY_DOMAIN}/my_rbac_test_project/kuard-amd64:blue

Output:

The push refers to repository [harbor.mylabs.dev/my_rbac_test_project/kuard-amd64]
656e9c47289e: Mounted from library/kuard-amd64
bcf2f368fe23: Mounted from library/kuard-amd64
blue: digest: sha256:1ecc9fb2c871302fdb57a25e0c076311b7b352b0a9246d442940ca8fb4efe229 size: 739

Now the image was successfully uploaded:

Harbor - Project - my_rbac_test_project

cd ..